Tree Surgery is the action of removing either a complete tree or a selection of its branches or limbs, it is carried out to improve the health or the appearance of a tree, or to reduce the risk of a tree causing either further damage or to eliminate the likely hood of it producing damage. This can be through either the roots braking drains or undermining a buildings foundations from healthy trees or the reduction of trees with either poor root foothold to reduce the risk of it being blow over by high winds or from a weak tree when the tree has suffered some kind of dieback from a tree disease, be it damage from parasites or the tree being effected by its bark or roots being damaged so having allowing disease in.
If you live in a Conservation area or your tree has a tree preservation order on it then before you can proceed to do any
work you will need to get the appropriate planning from the local authority, this can take a 6 weeks or more to obtain.
Any shrub plant or tree with a diameter of over 75mm will be classed as a tree by most councils.
If you require a woodland to be felled, the chances are you will require a felling licence from the forestry commission, which will take a couple of months generally to obtain.
A good tree surgeon or forester woodman is likely to be able to arrange this for you.
The felling of a tree may cause its death but in some species will encourage new growth and regeneration from around the
stump, this is the ability of a tree that is relied on when woods are felled on a coppiced rotation, to give good tree
re-growth within the woodland without relying on the seed crop on the woodland floor to sprout and so encourage the new
The tree can be either straight felled when space allows the tree to be dropped straight onto the ground around buildings, taking into consideration the weight biased of the standing tree which will influence the trees natural direction of fall, when this is not possible a slower but more controlled method is to dismantle the tree by removing it by smaller pieces generally from the top down, the tree is generally climbed using ropes and should be carried out by trained personal, within the U.K. you are not allowed to buy a top handle chainsaw unless you can prove you have passed an exam to prove competence in its use on safety grounds. An experienced chainsaw operator be it a woodman or tree surgery has a number of cuts he or she can use to safely fell a standing tree from the ground, so that the trunk will not split and hit the cutter with a whiplash as mature Ash trees are prone to do, hence being known as a widow maker tree, or to force the direction of its fall to get the tree to fall against its general weight biased direction with the an aide sometimes of a felling lever.
Is the principle work of a Tree Surgeon in its many forms which we will look at below, but in simple terms it is the removal of branches or twigs, so producing a tree reduction.
Reducing the whole of the tree by up to 33% or 1/3 max of its size but with some tree species this heavy pruning is likely to cause the tree to die so a more conservative 20% or 1/5 is safer for a trees long term future.
Is move about reducing the height of a tree, and is often used on Poplars which are used as wind brakes on farms especially around orchard fields and Conifers such as the popular garden hedgerow conifer Leylandii which often is left unmanaged and grows high cutting out light from the neighbours or even your own garden.
A very old and now less often seen method of tree growth control, by cutting the tops of trees regularly giving over time a tree with top growth on a mature trunk.
What most people take as an annual prune, it takes of an amount of resent growth, fruit trees are a prime plant example when it is pruned annually to keep its size down, control its shape and to increase its annual fruit crop.
Is the removal of the lower branches to make it easier to move under it, to allow move light onto the understory of the tree when single planted or allow the mature tree to have a longer straighter timber when it matures and the time comes to harvesting the wood.
This is growth that shorts out from generally a trunk of the tree after pruning has taken place or additional light has been allowed to reach the tree trunk and is often removed regularly to prevent side shoots low down the trees trunk from forming branches, this area within a tree produces burr wood which is highly desirable to wood carvers, turners, laminators and furniture markers for its decorative wood grain.
This is to improve the trees appearance and structure, it would entail removing inward growing branches and opening up some of the more bunched up area of the tree, and shaping the tree to be more to standard type whilst making it look a balanced shape.
If your tree has a multi trunk at the base it is most likely to have been coppiced in the past from what on its first
cutting was a young standard (single streamed trunk tree). Not all trees will accept this treatment and regenerate from
the tree stump once cut down, and some species are highly unlikely to re shoot once felled.
If you have coppiced woodland that you wish to have put back into crop rotating in Kent we would be pleased to manage it for you. Today if you have mixed coppice woodland the forestry commission like a percentage of the standards to be left to mature. Pending on the tree the wood will be coppiced at different ages for use of the final wood product, and thinning of the coppice maybe required before the final main harvest, when the cycle begins again.
Well managed coppiced woodlands hold a vast devise array of wildlife within its ecosystem, with the wildlife moving around the coppiced area at the different stages of it maturing, for example the second or third year will give the foxglove showing once the seeds are exposed to the light which could have laid dormant for up to 100 year. At about 3 to 5 years the Nightingale will flourish which will be replaced by nightjars when it is 5 to 7 years old. At this age the tree canopy starts to block out the light on the woodland floor reducing its greenness but allows the early spring floors like wood anemones and Bluebells to flourish again, with the tree canopy moths and butterflies having somewhere to live whilst becoming food for birds and bats.
The final job for a tree surgeon would be to clear up your garden after carrying out your tree work. Woodman in the
forest or wood may well leave the brush piled up for wildlife to make use of it with fungus and insects promoting the
decay of the thicker branches over time.
Richards lives in Faversham and can work anywhere in Kent but is most interested in his local area of Faversham, Whitstabe, Sittingbourne, Challock, Ashford, Canterbury, Teynham, Lenham, Charing the area he mainly delivers his seasoned logs as woodfuel for open fires and wood burners.
|Woodman coppicing||Managed Woodland with Deer fencing|| Nuthatch a woodland bird painted by
Alan M Hunt
|Kent mixed hardwood wood, with felled Hornbean in forground||A woodland showing standards above under coppice wood, used for a pheasant shoot||Dead tree branch with Nuthatch|