House Sparrow in fence, bird painting, wildlife artist David L Prescott
House Sparrow female, a bird in decline.
artist David Prescott
Great Spotted Woodpecker, coloured ink, bird art by Sam Harvey artist
Sam Harvey’s Great Spotted Woodpecker, for sale
Wren photography by P. Cumberland
Wren photo, not the smallest British Bird

What is a Bird,

it is a creature that is warm blooded, has feathers,lays eggs to reproduce,is a vertebrate, has two legs and two wings some would say arms. From the above the only thing that is unique to Birds is that they have feathers. Although we associate wings with flying, there are birds in both orders and Family that do not need to fly and have never had to or have lost this ability over time, these are often very large birds or those that live on islands were they have no predators, although one bird family the Penguins have completely modified their wing use to propel them threw the water often described as flying underwater.

The Latin name for any bird is “Animalia Chordata Aves” being the
Kingdom (Animalia (animal)),
Phylum(Chordata (with backbone, vertebrate)),
Class (Aves (bird)),
followed by the Order,
Family,
Genus,
Species each of those may have subs
such as Suborder or Subspecies,

Modern day DNA profiling is radically changing what was the perceived relationships, often changing the Family or Genus but sometimes even the Order along with expanding the number of species as enough differences are being found in regional forms from that which was previously a single species covering a much larger area. To get the exact numbers of Bird species globally depends on what scientific taxonomy data formulation you work by but it is generally about 10,000, plus or minus a few hundred.
There is a saying that gives you the first letter for the order that we use in the taxonomy list starting with Kingdom, that is King Philip Came Over For Good Spaghetti.

For example,the picture of the common House Sparrow above by wildlife artist David Prescott, has the following classification and with the latin name of Passer domesticus :

kingdom:animal,
phylum:chordate (animals with backbones),
class:bird (egg-layers with feathers),
order: Passeriformes passerine (songbirds),
family: Passeridae (thick-beaked birds such as finches),
genus: Passer,
species: domesticus
There are two other larger groups that some accept other do not, they are Life, Domain before the accepted Kingdom
Latin names were used initially to enable anyone in the world to be able to identify what they were talking about. This helped to overcome the nightmare of a species having many local names, which was common in different regions within a country let alone a foreign country, whilst it also assisted in overcoming any language interpretation problems bring a more standard and better understanding to the academic global community . You can still find cases today were the same bird has a number of local names, in different areas, even with our much better global communication man still does not have a single language, and due to our cultural and tribal traditions probably never will, I do hope so.

Chaffinch
A seed eater and colourful Male.
Photographer Paul Cumberland
Hoopoe,
an insect eater.
Bird Art by
Wildlife Artist Pat Carlton
Red Kite
hooked beak for tearing at meat.
Artist David Prescott
Male Chaffinch photo image Hoopoe acrylic painting by wildlife artist Pat Carlton Red Kite head in groache painted by 
artist David L Prescott, sold
Common in English Gardens and a British Countryside Bird A British passing vagrant most likely in the spring A scavenger more than predator, making a recovery in the U.K.

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